IMRaD refers to the standard structure of the body of research manuscripts (after the Title and Abstract). This consists of Introduction, Materials/Methods, Results, Discussion/Conclusions. This standard structure:
Gives a logical flow to the content.
Makes journal manuscripts consistent and easy to read.
Provides a “map” so that readers can quickly find the content of interest in any manuscript.
Reminds authors what content should be included in an article.
Provides all content needed for the work to be replicated and reproduced.
Although the sections of the journal manuscript are published in the order: Title, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion, this is NOT the best order for writing the sections of a manuscript. One recommended strategy is to write your manuscript in the following order:
Materials and Methods
Results: You can write these first, as you are doing your experiments and collecting the results.
Conclusion: Write these sections next, once you have had a chance to analyze your results, have a sense of their impact, and have decided on the journal you think best suits the work.
Title & Abstract
Writing a manuscript | Authors | Springer Nature. (2022). Retrieved 14 March 2022, from https://www.springernature.com/gp/authors/campaigns/writing-a-manuscript